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Power in Governing

Updated: Aug 16, 2023

Activist city leader fights for equity, fairness

Jo Ann Hardesty, the first African American woman to serve on the Portland City Council. PHOTO BY BEVERLY CORBELL


When City Commissioner Jo Ann Hardesty, herself a historic leader at Portland City Hall, thinks about Black History Month, she thinks about Charles Jordan, the first African American Portland city commissioner, who served from 1974 to 1984.


“I had the privilege of meeting him and getting to know him,” she said. “And what I learned from his legacy is that there is always strong leadership from people of color communities, but the problem is whether they are recognized by everybody else.”


Hardesty, who first was elected to pubic office in the Oregon House of Representatives from 1995 to 2001, is widely recognized today because of her historic City Council race last year in which she became the first African American female on the council. It followed two decades of outspoken activism for progressive causes.


She served in the trenches as a community organizer as executive director of Oregon Action, building a movement for justice in Oregon led by people of color, immigrants and refugees, rural communities, and people experiencing poverty, and later as president of the Portland NAACP. She also hosts a progressive radio show, “Voices from the Edge,” on KBOO Radio.


In an interview with the Portland Observer for Black History Month, Hardesty talked about her work and what it takes to overcome obstacles.


Because of her activism, Hardesty said there was a public misperception that she couldn’t build coalitions, that she “was just a bullhorn and would just yell at people,” but that’s not true, she said.


“What I wanted was equity and fairness, and what I wanted was for my people to be treated the same way as the people who live downtown.”


Calling herself “a community organizer who happens to have a seat on the City Council,” Hardesty said she brings those grassroots skills to the table of city government.


“My style is radically different from my colleagues because I have always come to this work from a position of, ‘Who’s most impacted, how do we hear their voices, and how do we make sure they’re part of helping us develop what the solution is?’ ” she said.


The full council heard those impacted voices, when under Hardesty’s leadership, commissioners developed a plan for Portland Street Response, a new pilot program that will start this spring that will use mental health professionals instead of police in responding to some non-emergency calls, many of which come from homeless camps. But before coming up with a plan, volunteers went out and interviewed hundreds of homeless first, to see what they needed.


“We very intentionally started out talking to the houseless people before we started talking to the neighborhoods and the business associations,” Hardesty said. “We wanted to make sure that we were grounded in what houseless people said they needed. It’s a different way to go and I think people of color govern differently and I think women govern differently.”


Women also lead differently in crisis situations, and although she’s a frequent critic of police brutality, Hardesty said one reason that there was no major disturbance to the peace last August when white supremacists and anti-supremacists clashed in downtown Portland, was that women, including former Police Chief Danielle Outlaw, were in charge and kept confrontations to a minimum.


“They had a lot of pushback when they opened to the Hawthorne Bridge to let the white supremacists go, but I said that was the smartest thing they could have done,” she said, to separate the groups.


Because she oversees fire and rescue and emergency management, Hardesty said she spent that day last August among the EMTs and watched developments, including one where a handful of kids were dancing in front of Nordstrom’s, which like other downtown businesses, was closed for the day. Hardesty said she was alarmed when a half dozen cops in riot gear started to approach the dancing kids, but, apparently upon receiving orders, turned around, got back on their truck and left.


“I’m not saying women are better leaders, but what I’m saying is that women are not so prone to immediately escalate,” Hardesty said of the incident.


But that doesn’t mean Hardesty doesn’t push some buttons with her strong sense of what’s right and wrong. Take facial recognition technology, for example. Hardesty said it’s bad science and does not work the way it’s supposed to, particularly for women of color.


“My goal is to ban both public and private use of facial recognition technology and plan to have it before the council no later than April,” she said. “Until I’m comfortable that it works the same way for white men as it does for black women, I don’t want any part of it.”


Another thing Hardesty wants no part of is saving all five city-owned golf courses, which she doesn’t see the need for, and believes that space could be better used.


“Why do we have golf courses?” Hardesty asked. “I haven’t gotten a good answer to that, especially since we now have the third mayor who’s declared a housing emergency and the most expensive thing in building new housing is that people can’t afford the land.”


Golf courses have plenty of land, she said, which could be used either to build new housing or to construct tent communities for homeless residents, with mobile cooking units, showers and garbage containers.


Hardesty said she believes in a “housing first” approach to the housing crisis, but that developers are not really building affordable housing in many cases and are not helping people who are very poor.


“The only tools we have today that are addressing the severe housing shortage on the very low income scale are community development corporations, but if you build housing at zero to 30 percent (of mean income) you need to have services in the building; it can’t just be housing,” she said. “We need people to be able to have their needs met where they live…We’re doing things the way we’ve always done them and there doesn’t seem to be a sense of urgency around it.”


In some ways Portland is better than it was 20 years ago, but Hardesty said she believes that racism has gotten worse in “the whitest city in America.”


“In my entire 60-plus years on the earth it’s only been in the last two years that I’ve been fearful in walking the streets of Portland because of all the white supremacists’ activity taking place, out in the daylight, out in public,” she said.


But Hardesty has hope for the future, especially for the city’s Charter Review Commission to be assembled in 2021. At present, each commissioner is allowed to appoint four people to run the commission, whose work could take up to two years.


Big issues the commission will be evaluating, include the city’s form of government and whether to make changes in how power is shared between the mayor and commissioners or a possible appointed executive; and if council members should continue to be elected at-large or from particular districts of the city.


“We are all elected city-wide, which explains why I’m the only person of color on the council,” she said. “We want to make sure the Charter Review Commission is diverse and clear about their mission, which is to talk to every corner of the city of Portland.”



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